The Latest on the Zika Virus

by Kristin Gagnon, RN

The Latest on the Zika Virus

by Kristin Gagnon, RN

by Kristin Gagnon, RN

The Latest on the Zika VirusThe Latest on the Zika Virus

Zika became a very familiar word to many people during the large outbreak of the virus in Brazil in 2015, when there were an estimated 440,000-1,300,000 people infected. The virus was frequently reported in the media as it spread throughout South America, Central America and the Caribbean and was linked to birth defects in infants born to women who were infected by the virus during pregnancy. We rarely hear about it in the media anymore so many people assume that Zika is now a thing of the past. Although the outbreak has passed its peak, Zika is still a risk if traveling to many countries internationally. Here’s the latest on where the disease is present and the current recommendations about Zika and pregnancy.


The facts about Zika:

+ Zika virus is spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. The virus can also be sexually transmitted

+ Zika virus can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus and can cause birth defects or miscarriage or still birth

+ Only 1 in 4 people develop symptoms of Zika when infected

+ Symptoms can include rash, fever, weakness, headache, muscle or joint pain and red eyes that usually lasts for up to a week.

+ There is no treatment for Zika Virus and there is no vaccine


Where is Zika a risk?

Africa: Angola, Benin, Burkina-Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda

Asia: Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste (East-Timor), Vietnam

The Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Barbados, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands

Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama

North America: Mexico

The Pacific Islands: Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga

South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela



+ Avoid being bitten by mosquitoes

+ Use insect repellent with 20% Icaridin or 30% DEET

+ Cover up with clothing when mosquitoes are present

+ Avoid conceiving for 3 months (males) 2 months (females) after travelling to a destination where Zika is a risk.


Zika and pregnancy

The virus can be passed on to sexual partners (vaginal, anal and oral sex) even if the infected person doesn’t have any symptoms of Zika.  Condoms should be used to avoid infecting a partner or sex should be abstained from during the recommended waiting period after visiting an area where Zika is a risk.   Men should wait 3 months (this was recently shortened by the Centre for Disease Control from 6 months), and women should wait 2 months.


Planning a pregnancy | Pregnant travellers

+ Female travellers returning from a Zika risk area should wait at least 2 months before trying to conceive.

+ Male travellers returning from a Zika virus should wait 3 months before planning to conceive.


Zika virus infection in pregnant women

Pregnant women should avoid non-essential travel to Zika destinations.  The virus can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus.  Avoid unprotected sexual contact for the entire pregnancy with anyone who has travelled to a risk area or ensure to use condoms for the entire pregnancy.  Women concerned about exposure or who think they may have been infected, should see their doctor to discuss testing options.


Traveller’s departing for Zika destinations can still enjoy their vacation.  Know the facts about Zika and how to avoid contracting this disease.  And remember: keep your insect repellent on hand at all times and use it!

Before you travel, protect your health.

Travel Safely with TravelSafe Immunization Clinic